It is the record-breaking summer in Japan this year. Japan Meteorological Agency reported today that it was the hottest summer in 113 years since they started the measurement in 1898. Let’s look at the average daily temperature focusing on August: 30.5 (+2.1) in Osaka; 30.3 (+2.7) in Fukuoka; 29.6 (+2.5) in Tokyo. The difference from the typical is significant. As for Tokyo, it had record-breaking 48 “tropical nights” that exceed 25 degrees.